Glossary

As with any sport, business etc. there is terminology used to describe what is done, who is involved etc......

Outlined below is a developing list of terms used within the club and swimming as a whole, if you can't find what you are looking for, please email webmaster@berkosc.org.uk and we will add items.

Term   Description
Swimming Structure in UK
Governing Body
Swim England (previously Amateur Swimming Association –ASA) run the sport in England split into 8 Regions with sub sections for every County.
British Swimming Organise the Competition calendar for British Championships and for selection to teams to represent GB at International Championships.
  National The Club is affiliated to Swim England and abides by its, Laws & Technical Rules and Code of Ethics.

http://www.swimming.org/

  Regional The Club is affiliated to the ASA East Region which includes swimming in East Region Championships.

http://www.eastswimming.org/

  County The Club is affiliated to Herts ASA, including swimming in the Herts ASA County Championships.

http://www.hertsasa.org.uk/

Types of Competitions
  Licensed Meets These can be “open”, i.e. open to all individual swimmers who meet the relevant age criteria and qualification times, or “closed”, i.e. restricted to selected groups and based on results obtained at licensed meets (e.g. East Region Age Groups or Hertfordshire County Championships). Times achieved at these meets can be used as official qualifying times for County, Regional and National competitions.

These meets require qualified and certified volunteer officials to run these events. The Club normally has to provide officials to these events.

There are many weekend meets each year, look for these on our Events page.

  Unlicensed Meets These are run under the same Laws / Rules as Licensed Meets, but times achieved at these meets cannot be used as qualification times although they do count towards the swimmer’s personal best times.

Volunteer officials are still required to allow these events to run and they can be qualified or not. The Club normally has to provide officials to these events.

There are many weekend meets each year, look for these on our Events page.

Levels of Licensed Meets
  All Licensed Meets are subject to ASA laws and regulations and the ASA Technical Rules of Racing. They are graded into four levels. For a detailed description of each level download our Open Meet Licensing Criteria PDF here.
  Level 1 Meets are long course (LC; 50m) only and cover National, Regional and County Championships. Their purpose is to enable athletes to achieve qualifying times for entry into National, Regional and County Championships.
  Level 2 Meets are short course (SC; 25m) only and cover National, Regional and County Championships. Their purpose is to enable athletes to achieve qualifying times for entry into National, Regional and County Championships.
  Level 3 Meets are LC and SC events. Their purpose is to enable athletes to achieve times for entry into Regional and County Championships and other Meets at Level 1 or Level 2.
  Level 4 Meets are entry level events in pools 25m or greater. They are for inexperienced athletes and swimmers seeking to compete outside their club environment. If times are good athletes progress to Level 3 Meets.
Types of Qualifying Times
 

Qualifying times have to be archived within a timeframe in advance of the actual County, Regional or National competitions. As a rule of thumb, qualifying times must be achieved at Licensed Meets within a start and end date (the qualifying window).

County Qualifying Times for 2018 must be achieved in a Licensed meet between 1st June 2017 to 10th December 2017.

Regional Qualifying Times for 2018 must be achieved in Level 3 or 2 Licensed meets during a period to be advised.

Nationals Qualifying takes place in a window specified by Swim England and  March to May

  CQT County Qualifying Time - a time achieved for a specific stroke at a specific distance. These must be achieved at Licensed Meets only. By achieving the time defined by the specific County, swimmers may attend the Counties

See Herts CQT Qualifying Times - http://www.hertsasa.org.uk/index.php?option=com_phocadownload&view=category&id=159:2018-documentation&Itemid=79

  RQT Regional Qualifying Time - a time achieved for a specific stroke at a specific distance. These must be achieved at Licensed Meets only. By achieving the time defined by the specific Region, swimmers may attend the Regionals.

See East Region RQT Qualifying Times - TBC for 2018

  National Championships Qualification is achieved for a specific stroke at a specific distance. These must be achieved at Level 1 Licensed Meets only, between  dates announced by British Swimming & Swim England (towards the end of each calendar year, following completion of National Championships.

Swimmers are ‘invited’ after the closing date (normally the final Bank Holiday weekend in May) as follows:

British Champs (top ranked 1st to 24th in Britain) or

English Champs (top ranked 25th to 44th in England)

Dependent on various criteria, swimmers can opt to be nominated as Welsh or Scottish Nationals to qualify for their Nationals.

"Age as at" There is not a standard definition for this, however for Counties and above, the current ruling is that a swimmer will compete in an age group if they are of that age at 31st December. Example if Fred Bloggs is 10 on 1st Jan, then he will swim in the 9 and under age group.

Some meets have a different "age as at" for example Peanuts Team Galas have age at 30th June to tie in with the last period of competition, but it can vary slightly from year to year.

In some situations it is defined as the age of the child at the end of the competition. Example if Fiona Bloggs is 9 and enters a 5 day competition and is 10 on day 3 of the competition, then she will compete in the 10 to 11 age group.

All of our Club Champs work on the standard of "age as at 31st December", with our Club 50s being age as at day.

Competitive Events
Club Event - Club 50s Open to all members, we like to see all swimmers attend

Takes place on most Sunday evenings normally 1st Sunday of every month, except over summer time. Just turn up to the appropriate session for your training group. 17:15 to 18:45 for Groups 1 to 3, 18:45 to 20:15 for Groups 4 to 8. We run a small friendly competition where we measure swimmers improvements and award points based on improvement, See Club BAGCATS. The most improved swimmer for 50m per session is awarded a white swim hat, with a trophy to the athlete with the most points at the end of the year.

These are unlicensed meets.

Entry is open to all, just register at the Event when we put it up.

Club Event - Club Champs Open to all members, we like to see all swimmers attend

Three to four events each year. We try and cover key strokes and distances. Great for gaining competition experience in a friendly and supportive environment. We aim for the champs to test and stretch our swimmers and give them a chance to try distances they may not have done in competition.

Depending upon when they are run, these can be Licensed or Unlicensed.

Entry in events is required, just register at the Event when we put it up.

League Galas
Hertfordshire Peanuts League
For swimmers aged 12 and under. Events take place on three Saturday nights from April to July. We try and balance the team with experienced swimmers and development swimmers.

These are unlicensed meets.

Selection to the team(s) is by invitation to represent the Club. An Event entry invitation will be sent to invited swimmers. Please commit quickly to the gala under the Events Tab having received your invite.

We invite 4 swimmers in each age group providing every swimmer with 1 individual and 2 relay swims. Selection to the team is based around a mix of swimmers to give as many swimmers as possible an opportunity in the gala. Club 50s/Club Champs are ideal ways for the less experienced swimmers to achieve times that can be used to help selection.

www.hsleague.org.uk/index.php/leagues/peanuts-league

Hertfordshire Major League
For swimmers of all ages (9 years and upwards). Events take place on three Saturday nights from January to March.

These are unlicensed meets.

Selection to the team(s) is by invitation to represent the Club. An Event entry invitation will be sent to invited swimmers. Please commit quickly to the gala under the Events Tab having received your invite.

We invite 4 swimmers in each age group providing every swimmer with 1 individual and 2 relay swims. Selection to the team is based around a mix of swimmers to give as many swimmers as possible an opportunity in the gala. Club 50s/Club Champs are ideal ways for the less experienced swimmers to achieve times that can be used to help selection.

www.hsleague.org.uk/index.php/dates4

National Arena League
For swimmers of all ages (9 years – relays only; and upwards). Events take place on three Saturday nights from October to December, across a wider geographical area.

These are normally Licensed meets, whilst we remain in the First Division of the London League.

Selection to the team is by invitation to represent the Club. An Event entry invitation will be sent to invited swimmers. Please commit quickly to the gala under the Events Tab having received your invite.

For this league we select swimmers to get the best possible result for the club and, occasionally, a swimmer may be invited for just one relay as a result, but as a general rule we endeavour to provide each swimmer with at least 2 swims.

http://www.nationalswimmingleague.org.uk/

Local Development Galas
   
For younger novice swimmers. Great for gaining competition experience, events take place on Saturday nights.

These normally consist of local clubs putting on these events, i.e. Hemel Hempstead Spring Development Meet.

These are normally Licensed meets.

Selection is normally open to all (sometimes by invitation) to swimmers to represent the Club. An Event entry invitation will be sent to invited swimmers.

There are usually ‘No Faster than’ times thus preventing top athletes ‘pot hunting’ so are ideal for newer swimmers.

Keep your eyes out on our Events page for these galas.

Daplyn Trophy

​"County Junior Team Championship"

For swimmers aged under 14 (age as at 31st December). Event usually takes place in December on a Saturday night.

Selection to the team is by invitation to represent the Club. An Event entry invitation will be sent to invited swimmers.

County Championships​ "Counties"

Hertfordshire County Championships take place over three weekends in January.

Selection is via achieving County Qualifying Times (CQT) from Licensed meets (currently from 1st June to 10th December 2017) of the preceding year but subject to revision annually are required.

Regional Championships "Regionals"

East Region Championships normally take place over the 2 Bank Holiday weekends in the Spring at two ages events 11 to 14 years (Youths) and 14 years to Open (anyone older than 16).

Selection is via achieving Regional Qualifying Times (RQT) from Licensed meets in the preceding qualification period as decided by East Region and Swim England.

British Summer Championships The British Summer Championships normally takes place across six days in July.

Swimmers will be invited based on the national rankings. The top 24 in Britain in each age group and event will be invited to compete at the Summer Championships.

The qualifying window will run from 10th March – 29th May inclusive.

2017 Details

England National Summer Meet The National Summer Meet is Swim England’s biggest domestic swimming event of the year. The Summer Meet forms part of a swimming competition structure in Great Britain whereby the top ranked swimmers in each event are invited to compete at the British Swimming Summer Championships.

Selection is 25th to 44th ranked swimmers at English affiliated clubs – or those who have chosen to be ranked as an English swimmer – are invited to compete at the English Nationals.

The rankings are on swimmers’ performances at level 1 meets between a qualification window, typically between March and May of the same calendar year.

2017 Details

   
Club BAGCATS
Based on the old BAGCATS (British Age Group Categories) set up and with points awarded from FINA (International Governing Body) points based against world record times. Using these points across 5 ‘Pots’ (50m sprints; 100m swims; 200m From strokes – i.e. Butterfly, Backstroke & Breaststroke; Distance free – i.e. 200, 400 & 800/1500m races Individual Medley) with the best points score from each pot counting towards the athlete’s total points.

This rewards the swimmer who enters events ‘across the board’ rather than just their ‘favourite' events.

By the Club Awards evening the totals are added up and an awarded given per age group and gender (9 & Under Girls, 9 & Under Boys, 10 – 11 year Girls, 10 – 11 year Boys, 12 - 13 year Girls, 12 – 13 year Boys, 14 - 15 year Girls, 14 – 15 year Boy, 16 & Over year Girls, 16 & Over year Boys).

The objective is to encourage the hard work and training swimmers put in and their development in a friendly supportive competition between their peers. Points are awarded 50 to 1 based on the improvement time of 50m Freestyle achieved by the swimmer. The most improved gets 50 points, the least improved gets 1 point.

     
Club Records
A Club record will be accredited to the swimmer if they are swimming under the Club’s name plus if they swimming for their University or school. If however they are swimming under the name of another Swimming Club, then any record will not be accredited to them in the BSC Club Records.
     
  SCM or SC

Short Course Metres - is the length of the pool that the competition is going to take place in.

In these events SCM/SC refers to the pool being 25 metres long.

Note - SCY is US based and is Short Course Yards, 25 yard pool.

  LCM or LC

Long Course Metres - is the length of the pool that the competition is going to take place in.

In these events LCM/LC refers to the pool being 50 metres long.

     
Long Term Athlete Development - https://uk.teamunify.com/erhbsc/__doc__/Long%20Term%20Athlete%20Development.pdf
   

Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD) isa sports development framework that is based on human growth and development.

In short, it is an athlete centred approach to swimming development.

The Swimmer's Pathway is based on the LTAD framework and should be used to review and shape swimming programmes in Scotland so that we are all pulling in the same direction and ultimately to get more people swimming, to get existing swimmers swimming more frequently and to add increase to our growing pool of talent.

Swimmer's Pathway incorporates the following:

FUNdamentals
Basic Movement Skills – up to 8 years (female); up to 9 years (male)

Structured play, organised games and fun with an emphasis on developing generic movement skills across a range of activities.

SwimSkills
Building Technique – 8 to 11 years (female); 9 to 12 years (male)

Building on the generic movement skills developed through FUNdamentals, this starts to shape those skills to an aquatics specific context. Participants learn how to train in a structured environment alongside participation in complementary activities i.e. other sports which use similar energy systems and movement patterns. This stage coincides with a period of peak motor co-ordination.

Training to Train
Building the Engine – 11 to 14 years (female); 12 to 15 years (male) 

There should be an emphasis on maintaining high skill levels whilst putting the swimming skills under increasing pressure through covering longer distances i.e. high volume, at slow speeds i.e. low intensity, to develop an endurance base. The focus should be on training rather than competition.

This stage coincides with a period of rapid growth spurts and peak endurance gains.

Training to Compete: Optimising the Engine – 14 to 16 years (female); 15 to 18 years (male)

There should be a continued emphasis on maintaining high skill levels and high volume, but with increasing intensity. The emphasis should be on developing individual strengths and weaknesses through race practice, simulated race situations and starting to specialise in a particular stroke or distance, but not both. This stage coincides with a period of rapid strength and weight gains.

Training to Win: Maximising the Engine – 16+ years (female); 18+ years (male)

There should be an emphasis on specialisation and optimising performance. Swimmers should be trained for specific events and competitions. As a result, all aspects of training should be individualised with the maintenance of high skill levels and variations to both volume and intensity.

     
Club Hats - Colours and Representation
   

The swimming club has a selection of hats representing various situations, these are as follows;

  • Silver Hat with Club Logo - this is the standard hat and must be worn at all meets/galas

  • Silver Hat with Club Logo and text "Regionals" - this is given to a swimmer who has achieved the feat of qualifying and attending a regional competition that is supported by the Club.

  • Black Hat with Club Logo - given to a swimmer or swimmers who have performed above and beyond at a meet. This is chosen by the attending coach.

  • White Hat with Club Logo - given to the male and female swimmer who has won the Club 50s for their session for that month.

  • Gold Hat with Club Logo and text "Nationals" - this is given to a swimmer who has achieved the feat of qualifying and attending a national competition that is supported by the Club.